SAP Profit Center Tutorial: Create, Group, Posting & Planning - Shikshaglobe

Why A Profit Center is Required?

The Primary goal of Profit Center is to address a free hierarchical subunit that works essentially freely on the lookout, bears liability regarding it's own expenses and income , and can be extended to turn into a venture community or can be treated as a Company inside a company. The Profit focus approach encapsulates the rising re-foundation among interior and outer bookkeeping, working as an interfacing join between two Accounting ideas. Benefit Center Accounting helps in addressing the accompanying inquiries :

How much is the income?

return for money invested , EVA and income examinations are conceivable at benefit focus level.

Make Profit Center

Benefit Center Planning

Arranging Process is certainly not a one-time movement, yet rather an iterative cycle, which is normally acted in a few steps. Profit focus arranging is a vital piece of your general organization arranging. The fundamental person of business arranging is especially obvious inside the setting of Profit Center Accounting, as the arranging information utilized here is generally made in different applications (like Cost Center Accounting) and can be enhanced or changed in Profit Center Accounting. Benefit focus arranging is important for shortterm business arranging and in this manner envelops a range of one financial year. During the benefit place arranging process, Individual arranging regions are joined into a coordinated arranging organization. We can involve different arrangement adaptations to portray different arranging Profit focus arranging offers us the accompanying techniques for arranging: Duplicating existing arrangement or real information to an arrangement Posting plan information by period or at the same time by exchange from different applications Manual preparation of benefit focuses Appropriation and Assessment of information between benefit focuses.

SAP Profit Center Tutorial: Create, Group, Posting, and Planning

In SAP, Profit Centers are essential for managing and analyzing financial results within an organization. This tutorial will guide you through the process of creating, grouping, posting, and planning for Profit Centers:

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1. Create a Profit Center:

  • Log in to your SAP system and use transaction code "KE51" or navigate through the menu:
  • Enter the controlling area and a unique Profit Center ID.
  • Provide a description for the Profit Center.
  • Assign the Profit Center to a standard hierarchy node (optional).
  • Save the newly created Profit Center.

2. Group Profit Centers:

  • Grouping Profit Centers helps in summarizing and reporting results for multiple Profit Centers together. Use transaction code "KE54" or follow the menu path:
  • Enter a Group ID and description.
  • Assign the relevant Profit Centers to the group.
  • Save the group.

3. Posting to Profit Centers:

  • To post transactions to Profit Centers, use various financial documents (e.g., journal entries, invoices) and ensure that Profit Center information is maintained in these documents.
  • When creating financial documents, enter the Profit Center ID in the relevant field.
  • The system will automatically assign the transactions to the specified Profit Center.

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4. Plan for Profit Centers:

  • Planning for Profit Centers involves setting financial targets and budgets. Use transaction code "KE61" or navigate through the menu:
  • Select the version for planning (e.g., annual budget).
  • Enter the controlling area and the Profit Center for which you want to create a plan.
  • Specify the planning values (e.g., revenue, expenses) for the selected Profit Center.
  • Save the plan.

5. Monitor Profit Center Performance:

  • Use reports and tools in SAP to monitor Profit Center performance, compare actual results against budgets, and analyze variances.
  • Common reports include Profit Center actual vs. plan reports (e.g., transaction code "KE30") and profitability reports (e.g., transaction code "KE24").

6. Additional Configuration:

  • You can further configure Profit Centers based on your organization's needs. This includes setting up default account assignments, defining cost center assignments, and specifying currency translation methods.

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7. Set Authorization:

  • Assign appropriate authorization roles to users based on their responsibilities related to Profit Centers. Authorization control is crucial to ensure data security and integrity.

8. Backup and Documentation:

  • Regularly back up your Profit Center data to prevent data loss.
  • Maintain comprehensive documentation of Profit Center definitions, hierarchies, and planning guidelines.

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Different arrangement reports for examination of various arrangement variants.

Inward orders are ordinarily used to plan, gather, and settle the expenses of inside positions and errands. The SAP framework empowers you to screen your inner orders all through their whole life-cycle; from beginning creation, through the preparation and posting of the multitude of genuine expenses, to the last settlement and documentation.

Why Internal Order is Required?

Interior orders portray individual positions inside a controlling region. Orders support activity arranged arranging, checking, and a portion of expenses. You can utilize interior orders to:Screen interior positions settled to cost focuses (above orders)Screen inside positions settled to fixed resources (venture orders)Balancing postings of gathered costs determined in CO (accumulation orders)Show the expense controlling pieces of Sales and Distribution client not influence the center business of the organization (orders with incomes)We can utilize above orders for itemized controlling for a specific article or movement. All costs connected with this item or action are doled out to the important request. We can involve orders as inside cost objects.

For instance assuming that the organization take part in 2 exchange reasonable to target new clients .

Without Orders , we post costs for the two exchange fairs straightforwardly to the expense community answerable for supporting these occasions. As outer expenses and inner exercises have similar expense components on similar expense community, we can only with significant effort figure out which occasion made which costs.This implies that we can't make any further investigations for correlation purposes.

A further benefit is the wide assortment of arranging and planning capabilities accommodated orders.

Similarly as with Orders , every occasion accepts its own above request, the expenses are gathered independently. The settlement capability assigns the request expenses for the expense community answerable for supporting the exchange fairs, which gives you the authoritative perspective on the expenses. This empowers us to examine and look at the consequences of the exchange fairs, even after the settlement has been made.

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Step by step instructions to Create Creating Internal Order

Enter Transaction code KO04 (Order Manager) in the SAP Command Field

In this instructional exercise, we will learn Settlement of Internal Orders

Enter Transaction Code KO02 in the SAP Command Field

In the following screen , Enter the Internal Order for which settlement is to be finished

In the following screen, Enter the Following

In the Category Column enter 'CTR' for cost focus

In the Settlement collector Column enter the Cost Center where the Order is to be settled

In the percent segment , Enter the rate sum which is to be settled

In the settlement type , Enter 'PER' for occasional settlement.

Press 'Save' button from the SAP Standard Toolbar to save the Settlement Rule and return to the SAP Main menu .

Settlement of Internal Orders Tutorial: KO02 and KO88 in SAP

Enter Transaction code KO88 in SAP Command Field

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In the following screen , Enter the Following sections and run the settlement

Enter the Order for which the settlement rule is kept up with

Enter the Period for settlement

Enter the Fiscal Year

Uncheck the Test Run

Press 'Execute' Button to run the settlement

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