SAP CO Tables: Important Tables in Controlling Module - Shikshaglobe

Content Creator: Satish kumar

The most effective method to relegate materials to Profit Center in SAP

Following is Step by Step Process on How to dole out Profit Center in Material Master.

Enter Transaction Code 'SPRO' in the SAP Command Field

The most effective method to relegate materials to Profit Center in SAP

Select the 'SAP Reference IMG'

In the following screen, Select the 'SAP Reference IMG' button

The most effective method to allocate materials to Profit Center in SAPSAP CO Tables: Important Tables in Controlling Module

In the SAP Controlling (CO) module, various tables store essential data for cost accounting, budgeting, internal reporting, and more. Understanding these tables is crucial for efficient financial management within your organization. Below, we outline some of the most important SAP CO tables:

1.     CEPC: Cost Elements (Primary and Secondary)

·         This table contains information about primary and secondary cost elements used for recording costs and revenues in CO. It includes details like cost element category, validity dates, and more.

2.     CSKS: Cost Center Master Data

·         CSKS stores data related to cost centers, such as their descriptions, responsible persons, and hierarchy structure. It's essential for cost allocation and reporting.

3.     COSP: CO Object: Line Items for Activity Inputs

·         COSP holds detailed line item information for costs related to cost objects like cost centers and internal orders. It includes data on cost elements, quantities, and values.

4.     CJI3: Actual/Plan/Commitment Line Items for Internal Orders

·         This table contains line item information for internal orders, including actual, planned, and committed costs. It's useful for tracking internal project expenses.

5.     CEPC_BW: Cost Elements (Valid for BW)

·         CEPC_BW stores cost element data specifically for use in SAP Business Warehouse (BW) reporting and analytics.

6.     CEXC: Currencies: Exchange rates in SAP CO

·         This table is used for storing exchange rates relevant to controlling activities, ensuring that currency conversions are applied accurately.

7.     CJ20N: Project Builder: Project Definition

·         CJ20N is not a table but a transaction code used to create and manage project definitions in SAP CO, a crucial step in project management.

8.     COEP: CO Object: Line Items for WIP (Work in Process)

·         COEP contains line item data for work-in-process (WIP) calculations. It's essential for tracking incomplete production or services.

9.     COTB: Distribution Rules for Overheads

·         This table stores distribution rules used to allocate overhead costs across cost centers, internal orders, and other cost objects.

10. COBK: CO Object: Document Header

·         COBK contains document header information for CO postings. It includes data like document type, posting date, and reference document numbers.

11. COSP_BW: CO Object: Line Items (Valid for BW)

·         Similar to COSP, this table contains line item information, but it's tailored for use in SAP BW reporting.

12. CJ88: Settle Order: Project to Asset

·         CJ88 is a transaction code for settling costs from internal orders to fixed assets. While not a table, it's a critical process in asset accounting.

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Follow the menu way as underneath

In the following screen , 'Show IMG' follow the menu way Controlling - > Profit Center-> Assignments of Account Assignment Objects to Profit Center - >Material - >Assign Material MastersHow to Create Profit Center Standard Hierarchy? Utilize the T-code KCH1 or go to Accounting ? Controlling ? Profit Center Accounting ? Master Data ? Standard Hierarchy ? Create. In the following screen, enter the Controlling Area for which you need to make a Standard progressive system.Standard progressive system is a tree structure for gathering all benefit communities which have a place with a controlling region. While making a benefit community, you should dole out it to a gathering (hub) of the standard progressive system. This guarantees that all benefit focus of a controlling region are gathered in one node.This helps in compromise purposes. We can keep up with the standard progressive system from the application menu or in Customizing . Tweaking likewise gives a capability which permits you to make benefit focus bunches by replicating cost focus gatherings. In the event that our expense place structure is like our benefit community structure, we can utilize this capability to duplicate the expense community standard order to make our benefit community standard progressive system.

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Why A Profit Center is Required?

The Primary target of Profit Center is to address a free hierarchical subunit that works basically autonomously on the lookout, bears liability regarding it's own expenses and income , and can be extended to turn into a speculation community or can be treated as a Company inside a company.The Profit focus approach typifies the rising re-foundation among interior and outside bookkeeping, working as an interfacing join between two Accounting ideas.Benefit Center Accounting helps in responding to the accompanying inquiries :

Benefit Center Planning

Arranging Process is certainly not a one-time action, yet rather an iterative cycle, which is typically acted in a few steps.Profit focus arranging is a necessary piece of your general organization arranging. The essential person of business arranging is especially evident inside the setting of Profit Center Accounting, as the arranging information utilized here is generally made in different applications (like Cost Center Accounting) and can be enhanced or changed in Profit Center Accounting. Benefit focus arranging is essential for shortterm business arranging and consequently incorporates a range of one monetary year. During the benefit place arranging process, Individual arranging regions are joined into an incorporated arranging organization. We can involve different arrangement forms to portray different arranging Profit focus arranging offers us the accompanying techniques for arranging:

Duplicating existing arrangement or real information to an arrangement

Posting plan information by period or at the same time by exchange from different applications

Manual preparation of benefit focuses

Appropriation and Assessment of information between benefit focuses

Different arrangement reports for examination of various arrangement variantsInside orders are regularly used to plan, gather, and settle the expenses of inward positions and undertakings. The SAP framework empowers you to screen your interior orders all through their whole life-cycle; from beginning creation, through the preparation and posting of the multitude of genuine expenses, to the last settlement and chronicling.

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Why Internal Order is Required?

Inside orders depict individual positions inside a controlling region. Orders support activity situated arranging, checking, and distribution of expenses. You can utilize inside requests to:

Screen inner positions settled to cost focuses (above orders)

Screen inside positions settled to fixed resources (speculation orders)

Balancing postings of gathered costs determined in CO (accumulation orders)

Show the expense controlling pieces of Sales and Distribution client not influence the center business of the organization (orders with incomes)We can utilize above orders for definite controlling for a specific item or action. All costs connected with this article or movement are appointed to the pertinent request. We can involve orders as inward expense objects.For instance on the off chance that the organization partake in 2 exchange reasonable to target new clients .Without Orders , we post costs for the two exchange fairs straightforwardly to the expense place liable for supporting these occasions. As outside costs and inward exercises have similar expense components on similar expense place, we can only with significant effort figure out which occasion made which costs.This implies that we can't make any further examinations for correlation purposes.A further benefit is the wide assortment of arranging and planning capabilities accommodated orders.Similarly as with Orders , every occasion accepts its own above request, the expenses are gathered independently. The settlement capability assigns the request expenses for the expense community liable for supporting the exchange fairs, which furnishes you with the hierarchical perspective on the expenses. This empowers us to break down and analyze the consequences of the exchange fairs, even after the settlement has been made.

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