SAP Basis Interview Question - Shikshaglobe

Content Creator: Satish kumar

 What is SAP Basis?

SAP premise goes about as a working framework or a stage for SAP applications to run. It upholds the whole scope of SAP applications.

What is the distinction between Developer Trace, System Log and System Trace?

Framework Trace: When you need to record inward SAP framework exercises, framework follow is utilized. The follow is helpful in finding inward issues inside SAP framework and the host framework.Framework Log : To know the new logs for application server and CI, System log is alluded.Designer Trace: in case of issues, engineer follow, records the specialized data about the blunder or issueFor issue investigation and framework observing Developer follow or System log is utilized.

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In a circumstance where My SAP framework is down (Users unfit to login to SAP framework), how to examine the issue?

Actually take a look at the Database status

SAP administrations

SAP the executives console ( Dispatcher, IGS and Message Server)

You really want to figure out follow root based on the money at sequential no ( c ).

Actually look at network availability on the off chance that all is well

4) What is private mode?

In confidential mode, the stack information is only dispensed by the client and is not any more common or accessible across the framework. This happens when your lengthy memory is depleted.

What is OSP$ mean?

Two clients "OPS$adm" and "OPS$SAP" Service are made in your SAP framework and to associate and speak with data set inside this client component is utilized.

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What are the various sorts of RFC and make sense of what Transactional RFC is?

RFC (Remote Function Call) is an instrument to convey and trading the data between other SAP frameworks. There are four kinds of RFC's framework

Coordinated RFC ( S RFC)

Offbeat RFC (A RFC)

Value-based RFC ( T RFC)

Lined RFC (Q RFC)

Value-based RFC ( T RFC ) : This kind of RFC is like nonconcurrent RFC, yet by distributing an exchange ID (TID) it ensures that the solicitation sent on various occasions because of a blunder should process just for once. In T RFC the far off framework doesn't need to be accessible right now dissimilar to nonconcurrent RFC.

What is OCM and how to apply OCM Patches?

OCM represents online revision framework, by utilizing SPAM you can apply OCM Patches.

1.     System Installation and Configuration: The Basis administrator is responsible for installing and configuring SAP systems, including application servers, databases, and other components. This involves setting up the technical infrastructure according to the system's requirements.

2.     System Monitoring: Continuously monitor the health and performance of SAP systems using tools like SAP Solution Manager, CCMS (Computing Center Management System), or third-party monitoring tools. Proactively identify and address issues to ensure system availability and performance.

3.     User and Authorization Management: Manage user accounts, roles, and authorizations to ensure that users have the appropriate access levels while maintaining system security. This includes defining and assigning authorization profiles.

4.     Transport Management: Handle the transport of development objects (e.g., code changes, configurations) between different system landscapes (e.g., development, quality assurance, production) while ensuring version control and consistency.

5.     Patch and Upgrade Management: Plan and execute system upgrades, support pack installations, and apply patches to keep the SAP landscape up to date with the latest releases and security fixes.

6.     Backup and Recovery: Implement and maintain backup and recovery strategies to safeguard data and ensure business continuity in case of system failures or data corruption.

7.     Performance Tuning: Optimize system performance by adjusting parameters, tuning the database, and monitoring resource utilization. This includes troubleshooting and resolving performance bottlenecks.

8.     System Copies and Refreshes: Perform system copies and client copies as needed for system replication, testing, or development purposes. Ensure data consistency and integrity during these processes.

9.     Disaster Recovery Planning: Develop and maintain disaster recovery plans and procedures to minimize downtime and data loss in case of catastrophic events.

10. High Availability and Failover Setup: Implement high availability solutions and failover mechanisms to ensure uninterrupted system availability, especially for mission-critical systems.

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11. Security and Compliance: Enforce security policies, perform security audits, and ensure compliance with industry and company-specific security standards and regulations.

12. Documentation: Maintain detailed documentation of system configurations, procedures, and changes for reference and auditing purposes.

13. Troubleshooting: Investigate and resolve technical issues, system errors, and performance problems by analyzing logs, traces, and system dumps.

14. SAP Kernel Upgrades: Manage upgrades of the SAP kernel, which is the core part of the SAP system responsible for communication and data processing.

15. Integration: Collaborate with other IT teams and departments to ensure smooth integration of SAP systems with other enterprise systems and applications.

16. Capacity Planning: Monitor system resources and plan for capacity expansion as needed to accommodate growing business needs.

17. 24/7 Support: Provide on-call support and respond to critical incidents to minimize system downtime.

How to play out a SAP-commodity and import tables in SAP from OS level?

To product or import tables in SAP from OS level you need to follow three stages and by involving R3trans utility in SAP

Collect all rundown of tables to be sent out

Check whether enough plate space is accessible in the registry where you going to send out.

Create two control records for R3trans which will be utilized for import and commodity.

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What is the distinction between - support bundle, piece and SAP note?

SAP Note: A mistake in a solitary exchange or program is eliminated by executing a SAP note.Bit: Kernel contains the executable documents (.EXE) like different applications and when a Kernel redesign is done another form of the EXE record replaces the more established variants.Support Package: SAP support bundles is a lot of rectifications, this can be utilized by applying exchange SPAM

How could you at any point find the rundown of items that have been fixed in the framework?

The rundown of items that have been fixed can be found in the framework having ADIRACCESS keys.

 What is the motivation behind table TADIR?

Table TADIR contains object catalog sections.

Is it conceivable to introduce SAP patches when different clients are on the web?

At the point when different clients are online we can't introduce SAP patches, as help supervisor can not refresh and it will end it. So it is generally practical to more readily apply support packs when there is no clients login into the framework.

Mention what is the distinction among SDM and JSPM?

JSPM ( Java Support Package Manager) is utilized to apply support bundles on conveyed programming parts. As such an instrument permits you to introduce the parts and backing bundles.SDM ( Software Delivery Manager) is utilized for bringing in Java Support Packages. To send and oversee programming bundles got from SAP, SDM device is utilized.JSPM involves SDM for the arrangement reason

Explain what is the utilization of reference and administration client in SAP?

Administration User: For "administration client" starting secret phrase or termination of secret key are not checked. Just administrator has freedoms to change the secret key, clients can't. Different logins are conceivable.Utilization: Service clients are for mysterious clients. Least approval ought to be given to such sort of clientsReference User: For this sort of clients GUI login is beyond the realm of possibilities.Utilization: in the event of crisis, with the assistance of reference client, giving one client approval to another user is conceivable.

Explain how you can confine numerous logins of client in SAP? What are what you need to deal with while composing the Id's?

To confine different logins you need to set the boundary asBoundary ought to set in RZ10 login/multi_login_users= set to 1 to initiate (If this boundary is set to esteem 1, numerous exchange logons to the R/3 framework are obstructed)login/disable_multi_gui_login= List out the clients that ought to be permit to logon for various timesWhile composing the client ID's things to be taken consideration are, list the client IDs isolated by commas ".." , between client IDs don't leave space characters and to see the progressions restart the R/3 occasion.

At OS level how you can change the quantity of work process? How you can dissect the situation with work process at OS level?

To change the quantity of work process at the OS level, you can expand the no. of work processes by altering the boundary rdisp/wp_no_=Status of a WP at OS level can be checked by executing dpmon.

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