What is PMKVY?
Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) is the flagship scheme of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) implemented by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). The objective of this Skill Certification Scheme is to enable Indian youth to take up industry-relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood. Individuals with prior experience are also assessed and certified under Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL).
About PMKVY 4.0
With an aim to empower the country’s youth and continue the journey of the Skill India Mission in building India as the skill capital of the world, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) launched the third phase of its flagship scheme — Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY 3.0) on 15 January 2021. PMKVY 4.0 will encourage and promote skill development throughout the country to address industry needs, meet market demands and impart skills in services and in new-age job roles that have become crucial with the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic. Incorporating the learnings from PMKVY 1.0 and PMKVY 2.0, PMKVY 3.0 will be implemented in a more decentralized structure with greater responsibilities and support from States/UTs and Districts. District Skill Committees (DSCs), under the guidance of State Skill Development Missions (SSDM), shall play a key role in addressing the skill gap and assessing demand at the district level. The new scheme will be more trainee and learner-centric addressing the ambitions of Atmanirbhar Bharat.
The focus of PMKVY 3.0 (2020-21) has been shifted from a supply-based approach to a demand-based approach. In the wake of disruption caused by COVID-19 and the resultant impact on livelihood, the scheme (PMKVY 3.0) will give major focus on upskilling/reskilling with a focus on future skills (industry 4.0) courses to increase the productivity of the existing workforce and provide online/digital mode of training for wider coverage.
Skill training will be imparted under three categories, pan-India:
Short Term Training (STT)
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL)
Special Project (SP)
SHORT TERM TRAINING (STT):
STT component imparted at PMKVY Training Centres (TC) is expected to benefit candidates of Indian nationality who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed. Apart from providing training according to the National Skills Qualification Framework (NSQF), TCs also impart training in soft skills, entrepreneurship, financial and digital literacy. Upon successful completion of the assessment, candidates are provided placement assistance by training providers.
RECOGNITION OF PRIOR LEARNING (RPL):
Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) is a skill certification component to enable Indian youth to take on industry-relevant skill certification which will help them to secure a better livelihood. Individuals with prior learning experience or skills can register themselves and get assessed and certified under the RPL component of PMKVY. It focuses mainly on individuals engaged in unregulated sectors.
SPECIAL PROJECTS :
The Special Projects component of PMKVY envisages the creation of a platform that will facilitate training in special areas and/or premises of Government bodies, corporates, or industry bodies, and training in special job roles, not defined under the available Qualification Packs (QPs)/National Occupational Standards (NOS). Special Projects require some deviation from the short-term training guidelines under PMKVY. A proposing stakeholder can be institutions of Central or State Government(s), an autonomous body/statutory body or any other equivalent body or a corporation that wants to provide training to candidates.
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