Introduction to RFC (Remote Function Call) - Shikshaglobe

Content Creator: Satish kumar

What is RFC?

RFC is a component that permits business applications to impart and trade data (in pre-characterized designs) with different frameworks. RFC means 'Remote Function Call'RFC comprises of two points of interaction:A calling point of interaction for ABAP ProgramsA calling connection point for Non-SAP programs.Any ABAP program can call a remote capability utilizing the CALL FUNCTION… DESTINATION proclamation. The DESTINATION boundary tells the SAP System that the called capability runs in a framework other than the guests.

Language structure-

Sensible Destinations are characterized by means of exchange SM59 and put away in Table RFCDESElements of the RFC interfaceSwitching all boundary information over completely to the portrayal required in the distant frameworkCalling the correspondence schedules expected to converse with the distant framework.Dealing with interchanges mistakes, and informing the guest, whenever wanted ( utilizing EXCEPTIONS boundary of the CALL FUNCTION).RFC is a SAP convention to deal with interchanges between frameworks to work on the connected programming. It is the most common way of calling a capability module which is dwelling on an alternate machine from the guest program. RFCs can be utilized to call an alternate program on a similar machine too, however generally, it is utilized while 'calling' and 'called' capability modules/programs are running on independent machines.

Remote Function Call (RFC) in SAP Tutorial

In SAP, RFC Interface framework is utilized for setting-up RFC associations between various SAP frameworks, and furthermore between a SAP and an outer (non-SAP) framework.Should Know Details About RFCSAP Uses CPIC (Common Programming Interface for Communication) Protocol to move information between Systems. It is SAP Specific convention. Remote Function Call (RFC) is an interchanges interface in view of CPI-C, however with additional capabilities and simpler for application software engineers to utilizeThe RFC library capabilities support the C programming language and Visual Basic (on Windows stages)RFC associations can constantly be utilized across the whole system.This implies that a RFC association you have characterized in client 000 can likewise be utilized from client 100(with no distinction).RFC is the convention for calling unique subroutines (capability modules) over the organization. Capability modules are equivalent with C capabilities or PASCAL strategies. They have a characterized interface through which information, tables and return codes can be traded. Capability modules are overseen in the R/3 System in their own capability library, called the Function Builder.The Function Builder (exchange SE37) furnishes application developers with a valuable climate for programming, recording and Testing capability modules that can be called locally as well as from a distance. The R/3 System consequently produces the extra code (RFC stub) required for remote calls.You keep up with the boundaries for RFC associations utilizing exchange SM59. The R/3 System is additionally conveyed with a RFC-SDK (Software Development Kit) that utilizes broad C libraries to permit outside projects to be associated with the R/3 System.The main contrast between a remote call of a capability module to another server and a nearby call is an exceptional boundary (objective) that determines the objective server on which the program is to be executed.

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The RFC Advantages:

RFC assists with decreasing the endeavors of software engineers, by allowing them to stay away from the re-improvement of modules and techniques at far off frameworks. It is sufficiently able to:Convert the information into the arrangement justifiable by the remote (target) framework.Convert the information into the configuration reasonable by the remote (target) framework.Hit up specific schedules which are important to begin correspondence with the far off framework.Handle mistakes that could happen during the time spent correspondence.SimultaneousRequires both the frameworks (client and server) to be accessible at the hour of correspondence or information move. It is the most considered normal sort and is required when the outcome is required following the execution of sRFC.sRFC is a method for correspondence between frameworks where affirmations are required. The assets of the Source System look out for the objective framework and guarantee that they convey the message/information with ACKD. The Data is predictable and solid for correspondence.The issue is on the off chance that the objective framework isn't accessible, the source framework assets hold on until target framework is accessible. This might prompt the Processes of source framework to go into Sleep/RFC/CPIC Mode at target frameworks and consequently hinders these assets.

Introduction to RFC (Remote Function Call)

RFC, or Remote Function Call, is a protocol and programming interface used in the SAP (Systems, Applications, and Products in Data Processing) ecosystem to enable communication and data exchange between different SAP systems or between SAP and non-SAP systems. It allows applications running on one SAP system to invoke functions or methods on another SAP system, whether they are on the same server or distributed across a network. RFC plays a crucial role in integrating and automating business processes in SAP environments. Here's an introduction to RFC:

See also here -->>

Key Concepts of RFC:

1.     Remote Function Modules: RFC enables the execution of remote function modules. These are predefined functions or methods in SAP systems that perform specific tasks. Remote systems can invoke these functions, passing data and receiving results.

2.     Synchronous and Asynchronous Communication: RFC supports both synchronous and asynchronous communication. In synchronous RFC, the calling system waits for the remote function call to complete and receive the response. In asynchronous RFC, the calling system doesn't wait and continues its processing, receiving the response later.

3.     Variants of RFC:

·         sRFC (Synchronous RFC): Provides real-time communication between systems, with immediate responses.

·         tRFC (Transactional RFC): Ensures the once-only execution of a remote function call, making it suitable for transactions.

·         qRFC (Queue RFC): Uses a queue mechanism for reliable communication, often used for batch processing.

·         iRFC (Transactional and Queued RFC): Combines the features of tRFC and qRFC for enhanced reliability.

4.     Transport Protocol: RFC uses various transport protocols for communication, including TCP/IP (Internet Protocol), HTTP, and CPI-C (Common Programming Interface - Communications). The choice of protocol depends on the specific requirements and configuration.

Use Cases for RFC:

1.     Data Integration: RFC is widely used for data integration between SAP and non-SAP systems. It allows businesses to exchange data seamlessly, such as sharing customer information between SAP and a CRM system.

2.     System Automation: SAP systems can automate tasks in other SAP systems through RFC, streamlining processes and reducing manual interventions.

3.     Remote Functionality: Organizations can leverage the capabilities of a remote SAP system without duplicating the functionality locally. For example, they can use an inventory management function in a centralized SAP system from various locations.

4.     Batch Processing: qRFC and tRFC are commonly used for batch processing scenarios where data needs to be processed in the background, such as nightly data loads.

5.     Transactional Consistency: tRFC ensures that a series of RFC calls are treated as a single transaction. If one call fails, the entire transaction is rolled back, ensuring data consistency.

Experience the difference

Benefits of RFC:

  • Efficiency: RFC enables efficient communication between SAP systems, reducing the need for manual data transfers and improving overall system efficiency.
  • Real-Time Interaction: sRFC provides real-time interaction, enabling immediate responses in scenarios where timely information is critical.
  • Integration: RFC facilitates seamless integration between SAP and external systems, supporting end-to-end business processes.
  • Reliability: tRFC and qRFC ensure transactional and reliable communication, making them suitable for mission-critical applications.

Utilized for

For correspondence between frameworksFor correspondence between SAP Web Application Server to SAP GUIt is correspondence between frameworks where affirmations are not needed (it is like postcard delivery).It doesn't need both the frameworks to be accessible at the hour of execution and the outcome isn't quickly expected to be sent back to the calling framework.The Source System asset doesn't hang tight for the objective framework as they convey the message/information without sitting tight for any affirmation. It isn't dependable for correspondence since information might be lost on the off chance that the objective framework isn't accessible. Utilized for -For correspondence between frameworksFor equal handlingValue-based

It is an exceptional type of aRFC. Value-based RFC guarantees exchange like treatment of handling steps that were initially independent.

Conditional RFC is a nonconcurrent specialized technique that executes the called capability module in the RFC server just a single time, regardless of whether the information is sent on various occasions because of some organization issue. The distant framework need not be accessible when the RFC client program is executing a tRFC. The tRFC part stores the called RFC capability, along with the relating information, in the SAP data set under a novel exchange ID (TID). tRFC is like aRFC as it doesn't stand by at the objective framework (Similar to an enlisted post). On the off chance that the framework isn't accessible, it will compose the Data into aRFC Tables with an exchange ID (SM58) which is picked by the scheduler RSARFCSE (which runs for like clockwork). Utilized For-


Lined RFC is an augmentation of tRFC. It likewise guarantees that singular advances are handled in grouping. To ensure that different LUWs (Logical Unit of Work/Transaction) are handled in the request determined by the application. tRFC can be serialized utilizing lines (inbound and outbound lines). Thus the name lined RFC (qRFC). Utilized For- sections determine the association between ABAP frameworks. Here, we should determine the host name/IP address. You can, in any case, determine logon data whenever wanted. This is appropriate for both sort of RFCs, between ABAP frameworks and outside calls to ABAP frameworkspassages determine ABAP frameworks associated with a similar data set as the ongoing framework. These sections are pre-characterized and can't be changed. Model section name: ws0015_K18_24

ws0015=host name

K18=system name (information base name) 24=TCP-administration name - objections are associations with outer projects that utilization the RFC API to get RFCs. The initiation type can be either Start or Registration. Assuming it is Start, you should indicate the host name and the pathname of the program to be begun.

How to Code a RFC?

1.In the capability module credits tab (exchange code SE37), set the handling type as Remote-empowered module to make a remote capability module.

Must Know!

All About Client Copy – Local,Remote, Import/Export 
Introduction to Transport Management System (TMS) 
All About Internal Order in SAP 
What is SAP Instance And SID 

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