History of Gujarat Admission 2022 - 2023 - Shikshaglobe

Gujarat

on the West Coast of India, has a rich history dating back to ancient times. It has had its fair share of maharajas and princes though it may have been slightly overshadowed by the princely splendor of neighboring Rajasthan. The excavation at Lothal shows that this region was part of a flourishing Indus valley civilization dating back to 3700 BC with its dock connecting Sabarmati to trade routes in Sindh. Blessed with a large coastline, Gujarat was the gateway to the Middle East. Gujarat takes its name from the nomadic tribe of Gujjars who settled here and there are speculations that these tribes arrived here from Georgia though how far that is true is a moot point. The fact is that Gujarat is a mix of diverse ethnic people with Adivasis perhaps forming the original inhabitants and people from Turkey, Iraq, Iran and the Middle East having settled in Saurashtra and Gujarat. There are Afridis from Africa in some pockets of Gujarat and the various invasions by Greeks, by Muslims from Persia and elsewhere all have left their influence here. So let’s travel down the time line and see how Gujarat possibly evolved.

Early History

There are no written records of the ancient period. The earliest known history is about Chandragupta Maurya having conquered parts of this region around 322 BC to 294 BC. He deputed Pushyamitra who ruled the region from Junagadh. Emperor Ashoka too left his legacy here in the form of the edits on the rocks near Junagadh.At around the same time Demetrius from Greek made incursions into Gujarat but could not establish a strong foothold.Around 10 AD it was the Sakas who ruled parts of Gujarat for about 400 years. Mahakshatrap Rudradaman I founded the Kardamaka dynasty that held sway over regions extending from Bharuch to Punjab.  With the decline of the Guptas it was left to Senapati Bhatarka, a general in the Gupta army to declare independence and establish his own Maitrak kingdom around 470 AD, with their capital located in Valabhipur near Bhavnagar. The Maitrakas held sway over regions extending up to the Malwa plateau and were also renowned for their scholarly pursuits. The dynasty lasted from 475 to 767 AD. The Gurjara Pratiharas dominated from 8th to 9th century AD after which the Solankis took over.

The Solanki Dynastyki Dynasty

Rajputs rules Gujarat from 960 to 1243 AD. The Solankis, descended from the Chalukyas that ruled parts of Western and Central India from 10th to 13th centuries, established supremacy in this region. Mulraj I overthrew the Chavdas and established supremacy in Anhilwad Patan, later going on to found the city of Siddhpur. Under his rule Gujarat flourished as a centre of arts and commerce. His successors included Karndev I who ruled from 1064 to 1094 AD and expanded the territory to include Konkan areas even as he went about building temple and founding Karnavati that later came to be known as Ahmedabad. However, he was defeated and killed by Dushshal Chauhan. However, his son Siddhraj Jaysinh I ascended the throne and went on to become the most famous of the Solanki dynasty. Patan shone under his rule and became a flourishing city. Incidentally, Ahmedabad was modelled after Patan. Generations succeeded him but could not outshine him. The Vaghelas were the next to rise to power.

The Vaghela Dynasty

The Vaghelas were based in Dholka a town North-West of Gujarat and were enemies of the Solanki. They rose to power as the Solankis declined and maintained stability in the region by the 13th century. Karandev was the last of the Vaghela dynasty to rule Gujarat. This was also the time when Muslim invaders started making inroads into Gujarat. There is an interesting story. Karandev Vaghela was rumored to have abducted Roop Sundari, wife of his Prime Minister Madhav, who, thereupon, went to Delhi and persuaded Alauddin Khilji to invade Gujarati. This came about and Karandev lost his kingdom and also his wife Kaularani and daughter Devaldevi to the Turkish Sultan.

Mention must also be made of Champaner, currently a UNESCO world heritage city and once a royal city founded and ruled by Vanraj Chavda of the Chavda Dynasty. He ruled the kingdom during the 8th century, naming the city after Champa, his friend and general of his army. The Chavdas were succeeded by Khichi Chauhan Rajputs who held the Pavagadh fort until Mahmud Begada attacked it in 1482 and won after a siege of 20 months. He renamed it Muhammadabad but moved his capital to Ahmedabad. Humayun’s army took over the fort in 1535 while the then ruler Bahadur Shah escaped to Diu. Champaner has a magnificent Jama Masjid built by Sultan Begada and that alone makes it worthwhile to visit this fort city now in ruins.

Muslim Invaders

Allauddin Khilji from Delhi invaded Gujarat around 1297 AD, paving the way for Muslim rule in this region that would last for the next 400 years. However, this was not the first time that there were Muslim invasions. Mahmud Ghazni did invade Gujarat around 1026 AD but his intention was to loot and plunder. It was Alauddin Khilji who established a strong foothold here. Gujarat continued to be ruled from Delhi but as the hold weakened the local viceroy Safar Shah declared independence and assumed the title of Sultan Muzaffar Shah. His son Ahmed Shah shifted capital to Ahmedabad and was succeeded by Mahmud Shah. There was a period of relative stability when the region flourished but things became upset with the assassination of Sikandar Shah. Bahadur Shah’s defeat at the hands of the armies of Emperor Akbar once again saw this region reverting to Delhi Mughal rule that lasted until the rise of the Marathas. Momin Khan surrendered to the Marathas in 1758, marking their ascendancy.

Marathas

By the 17th century the Muslim rulers could no longer maintain their strong grip and the Marathas were becoming a dominant force. Shivaji attacked Surat in 1664 and in 1672. The Peshwas established their domination over parts of Saurashtra and Gujarat. Damaji Gaekwad and Kadam Bande ruled the territories with Gaekwad establishing a stronghold in Baroda. By 1800 AD the Marathas were considerably weaked due to strong infighting, a quality exploited by the British, who were establishing a strong presence through their East India Company, to gain control through subterfuge. Madhavrao Gaekwad aligned himself with the British in 1802 and eventually lost control.


British Rule

From 1800 AD onwards the region came under the rule of the British and remained so until Mahatma Gandhi initiated the quit India movement that led to freedom in 1947. Most of Gujarat was under the jurisdiction of the Bombay Presidency except for Baroda that was handled by the Governor General of India.

Portuguese colonies

The Portuguese also arrived in Gujarat and established pockets in Daman, Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli but could not expand their territories due to the strong presence of the Brith.


After independence

The region of Saurashtra, Gujarat and Kutch became part of Bombay State that also included parts of the former Bombay presidency. It was Indulal Yagnik who spearheaded a movement for a separate Gujarat State and on May 1, 1960, Gujarat came into being along with Maharashtra, with Ahmedabad as its capital. Ahmedabad, in its time, came to be known as the Manchester of the East due to the presence of over 100 large textile units. Most of these units are closed and have given way to innumerable powerlooks. Ahmedabad also gave way to Gandhinagar, a modern city planned on the same lines as Chandigarh, to become the capital of Gujarat in 1971.

1960 to Present

Gujaratis and Gujarat are peaceful, more intent on pursuing business and minding their own business. However, tensions do flare up every now and then. There were a few communal riots, the worst of which was probably the one that took place in 1969. There were minor political upheavals with politicians playing the toppling game, sometimes successfully. While Congress had the upper hand in earlier years, in recent years it is the BJP that rose to power, especially after the exceptional performance of Narendra Modi who became the State’s Chief Minister and went on to become the Prime Minister of India.

In 2001 the State was hit by a devastating earthquake with its epicentre in Kutch and again in 2002 the state was shaken by communal violence famously known as Godhra Kand that even besmirched Narendra Modi. It is alleged that he, as the Chief Minister, tacitly approved the violence triggered by the Godhra train burning incident. Gujarat got its first woman chief Minister in Anandiben Patel in 2014 who has none of the charisma of Jayalalitha or Mamta Banerjee but the state of Gujarat is progressive and prosperous. The GDP of Gujarat at Rs. 9.15 lakh crore, puts it in the fourth rank in India.

From Lothal to Dholavira to Junagadh to Champaner to Bhuj and Surat, you would have to do a lot of travelling to learn about the rich and colorful history of this State.


Click Here For More Detail


Tags:

history of gujarat admissionhistory of gujarat admission authorityhistory of gujarat admission acthistory of gujarat admission age limithistory of gujarat admission agehistory of gujarat admission agriculturehistory of gujarat admission acpchistory of gujarat admission anmhistory of gujarat admission artshistory of gujarat admission ahmedabadhistory of gujarat admission and physicalhistory of gujarat admission boardhistory of gujarat admission byju'shistory of gujarat admission booklethistory of gujarat admission bedhistory of gujarat admission bschistory of gujarat admission btechhistory of gujarat admission bamshistory of gujarat admission bhmshistory of gujarat admission bvschistory of gujarat admission bcomhistory of gujarat admission committeehistory of gujarat admission criteriahistory of gujarat admission counsellinghistory of gujarat admission collegehistory of gujarat admission confirmationhistory of gujarat admission cpshistory of gujarat admission commonhistory of gujarat admission cut offhistory of gujarat admission contact numberhistory of gujarat admission cancellationhistory of gujarat admission departmenthistory of gujarat admission datehistory of gujarat admission december 2022history of gujarat admission date 2022history of gujrat admission datehistory of gujarat admission examhistory of gujarat admission eligibilityhistory of gujarat admission examinationhistory of gujarat admission engineeringhistory of gujarat admission externalhistory of gujarat admission enquiry numberhistory of gujarat admission emrshistory of gujarat admission formhistory of gujarat admission feeshistory of gujarat admission form 2022history of gujarat admission for upschistory of gujrat admission fall 2022history of gujrat admission form 2022history of gujrat admission formhistory of gujrat admission fee structurehistory of gujarat admission guidelineshistory of gujarat admission governmenthistory of gujarat admission government collegehistory of gujarat admission gnmhistory of gujarat admission gov in call letterhistory of gujarat admission guhistory of gujarat admission guidehistory of gujarat admission gandhinagarhistory of gujarat admission gnm nursinghistory of gujarat admission generalhistory of gujarat admission hsschistory of gujarat admission headhistory of gujarat admission historyhistory of gujarat admission haryanahistory of gujarat admission homehistory of gujarat admissions harvardhistory of gujarat admissions hospitalhistory of gujarat admission in hindihistory of gujarat admission in upschistory of gujarat admission itihistory of gujarat admission in south africahistory of gujarat admission in delhi universityhistory of gujarat admission in ignouhistory of gujarat admission in mschistory of gujarat admission in bschistory of gujarat admission in bahistory of gujarat admission in b.edhistory of gujarat admission january 2022history of gujarat admission journalhistory of gujarat admission jointhistory of gujarat admission kvshistory of gujarat admission kendriya vidyalayahistory of gujarat admission ke liyehistory of gujarat admission listhistory of gujarat admission last datehistory of gujarat admission list 2022history of gujarat admission last date 2022history of gujarat admission lawhistory of gujarat admission legacyhistory of gujarat admission llbhistory of gujarat admission list 2022-21history of gujarat admission loginhistory of gujarat admission linkhistory of gujarat admission medical collegehistory of gujarat admission mbbshistory of gujarat admission management systemhistory of gujarat admission merit list 2022history of gujarat admission medicalhistory of gujarat admission museumhistory of gujarat admission mtechhistory of gujarat admission mbahistory of gujarat admission noticehistory of gujarat admission notificationhistory of gujarat admission numberhistory of gujarat admission neethistory of gujarat admission neet ug 2022history of gujarat admission newshistory of gujarat admission nursinghistory of gujarat admission naturalhistory of gujarat admission openhistory of gujarat admission open universityhistory of gujarat admission officehistory of gujarat admission open datehistory of gujarat admission onlinehistory of gujarat admission of advocates in south africahistory of gujarat admission of partnerhistory of gujarat admission online formhistory of gujarat admission online registrationhistory of gujarat admission open 2022history of gujarat admission processhistory of gujarat admission portalhistory of gujarat admission procedurehistory of gujarat admission process starthistory of gujarat admission partnerhistory of gujarat admission paramedicalhistory of gujarat admission pharmacyhistory of gujarat admission polytechnichistory of gujarat admission pghistory of gujarat admission phdhistory of gujarat admission quotahistory of gujarat admission question paperhistory of gujarat admission quorahistory of gujarat admission question answerhistory of gujarat admission questionshistory of gujarat admission ruleshistory of gujarat admission registrationhistory of gujarat admission requirementshistory of gujarat admission resulthistory of gujarat admission rtehistory of gujarat admission randhejahistory of gujarat admission admissionhistory of gujarat admission admission 2022history of gujarat admission admission 2022-22history of gujarat admission statushistory of gujarat admission systemhistory of gujarat admission schoolhistory of gujarat admission sslthistory of gujarat admission student loginhistory of gujarat admission schedule 2022history of gujarat admission sitehistory of gujarat admission testhistory of gujarat admission test paperhistory of gujarat admission test serieshistory of gujarat admission trusthistory of gujarat admission the wordhistory of gujarat admission techhistory of gujarat admission termhistory of gujarat admission towerhistory of gujarat admission tringhistory of gujarat admission test question paperhistory of gujarat admission upschistory of gujarat admission universityhistory of gujarat admission punehistory of gujarat admissions uclhistory of gujarat admission vacancyhistory of gujarat admission validityhistory of gujarat admission villagehistory of gujarat admission vidyapithhistory of gujarat admission veterinaryhistory of gujarat admission verificationhistory of gujarat admission vadodarahistory of gujarat admission vidyalayahistory of gujarat admission websitehistory of gujarat admission without examhistory of gujarat admission without examinationhistory of gujarat admission without entrance examhistory of gujarat admission wordhistory of gujarat admission xlrihistory of gujarat admission xathistory of gujarat admission xihistory of gujarat admission yearhistory of gujarat admission yojanahistory of gujarat admission year wisehistory of gujarat admission yogahistory of gujarat admissions yalehistory of gujarat admission zoologyhistory of gujarat admission zoohistory of gujarat admission zoological parkhistory of gujarat admission zonehistory of gujarat admission zoology 2022history of gujarat admission 02history of gujarat admission 01history of gujarat admission 01/2022history of gujarat admission 12thhistory of gujarat admission 10th classhistory of gujarat admission 10thhistory of gujarat admission 2022history of gujarat admission 2022-22history of gujarat admission 2022-21history of gujarat admission 2022-23history of gujarat admission 2018-19history of gujarat admission 2018history of gujarat admission 2022-22 online datehistory of gujarat admission 3rd yearhistory of gujarat admission 3rd classhistory of gujarat admission 4th classhistory of gujarat admission 4th standardhistory of gujarat admission 4th semesterhistory of gujarat admission 5th classhistory of gujarat admission 5th standardhistory of gujarat admission 5 yearshistory of gujarat admission 5th semhistory of gujarat admission 5thhistory of gujarat admission 6th classhistory of gujarat admission 6thhistory of gujarat admission 6th standardhistory of gujarat admission 6th semhistory of gujarat admission 6 monthshistory of gujarat admission 61history of gujarat admission 7th classhistory of gujarat admission 7th pay commissionhistory of gujarat admission 7thhistory of gujarat admission 7th standardhistory of gujarat admission 8th classhistory of gujarat admission 8thhistory of gujarat admission 8th class 2022history of gujarat admission 8085history of gujarat admission 9th classhistory of gujarat admission 9thhistory of gujarat admission 9th class 2022history of gujarat admission 9 classhistory of gujarat admission 99