CI/CD Pipeline - Shikshaglobe

Content Creator: Vijay Kumar

What is a CI/CD pipeline?

A CI/CD pipeline computerizes the course of programming conveyance. It fabricates code, runs tests, and assists you with securely conveying another rendition of the product. CI/CD pipeline diminishes manual mistakes, gives criticism to engineers, and permits quick item cycles.

CI/CD pipeline presents mechanization and nonstop observing all through the lifecycle of a product item. It includes from the mix and testing stage to conveyance and organization. These associated rehearses allude to CI/CD pipeline.

What is a CI/CD Pipeline?

A CI/CD pipeline is an automated process that facilitates the integration of code changes into a shared repository (Continuous Integration) and the automated deployment of code to production or other environments (Continuous Deployment). It ensures that code is built, tested, and deployed consistently and reliably.


Before we begin, ensure you have the following:

  • A version control system (e.g., Git)
  • A code repository (e.g., GitHub)
  • A CI/CD tool (e.g., Jenkins, Travis CI, GitLab CI/CD)
  • A target environment for deployment (e.g., a server or cloud platform)

Building a Simple CI/CD Pipeline

Let's create a basic CI/CD pipeline for a hypothetical web application. We'll use GitHub for version control and Travis CI for automation. Here's a step-by-step guide:

Step 1: Setting Up Your Repository

1.     Create a new GitHub repository for your web application.

2.     Push your code to the repository.

Step 2: Configuring Travis CI

1.     Sign in to Travis CI using your GitHub account.

2.     Enable the GitHub repository you just created in your Travis CI account.

3.     Create a .travis.yml file in your repository. This file contains configuration details for

Step 3: Automating Testing

In your application code, create unit tests using a testing framework like Jest, Mocha, or Jasmine.


Modify the .travis.yml file to run your tests during the CI process.

Step 4: Deployment

1.     Decide where you want to deploy your application (e.g., a cloud server, a platform-as-a-service like Heroku, or a containerized environment).

2.     Set up the necessary deployment scripts and credentials.

3.     Modify the .travis.yml file to include deployment instructions.

What are Continuous Integration, Continuous Delivery, and Continuous Deployment?

The constant combination is a product improvement technique where individuals from the group can coordinate their work no less than one time per day. In this strategy, each combination is really looked at in a mechanized form to look through the blunder.

Ceaseless conveyance is a computer programming technique in which a group creates programming items in a short cycle. It guarantees that product can be handily delivered whenever.

Nonstop sending is a programming cycle in which item functionalities are conveyed utilizing programmed organization. It assists analyzers with approving whether the codebase changes are right, and it is steady or not.

Phases of a CI/CD pipeline

A CI/CD pipeline is a runnable detail of the means that any engineer ought to perform to convey another rendition of any product. Disappointment in every single stage sets off a notice through email, Slack, or other correspondence stages. It empowers mindful engineers to be aware of the significant issues.

Here are the significant Stages of the CI/CD pipeline:

Source Stage

In the source stage, CI/CD pipeline is set off by a code storehouse. Any adjustment of the program sets off a warning to the CI/CD instrument that runs a comparable pipeline. Other normal triggers incorporate client-started work processes, robotized plans, and the consequences of different pipelines.

Construct Stage

This is the second phase of the CI/CD Pipeline in which you blend the source code and its conditions. It is done chiefly to fabricate a runnable case of programming that you might possibly transport to the end client.

Programs that are written in dialects like C++, Java, C, or Go language ought to be gathered. Then again, JavaScript, Python, and Ruby projects can work without the forming stage.

Inability to pass the forming stage implies there is a basic undertaking misconfiguration, so it is better that you address such an issue right away.

Test Stage

Test Stage incorporates the execution of robotized tests to approve the rightness of code and the way of behaving of the product. This stage keeps effectively reproducible bugs from arriving at the clients. It is the obligation of engineers to compose computerized tests.

Send Stage

Here your item goes live. When the form has effectively finished through all the expected assessment situations, it is prepared to convey to the live server.

Illustration of CI/CD Pipeline

Here is an illustration of the CI/CD pipeline:

Source Code Control: Host code on GitHub as a confidential store. This will assist you to coordinate your application with significant administrations and programming.

Constant incorporation: Use persistent reconciliation and conveyance stage CircleCI and commit each code. At the point when the progressions advise, this device will pull the code accessible in GitHub and cycle to fabricate and run the test.

Convey code to UAT: Configure CircleCI to send your code to the AWS UAT server.

Send to creation: You need to reuse nonstop reconciliation ventures for conveying code to UAT.

CI/CD pipeline Best Practices

Keep reading

Here is a CI/CD pipeline best practices:

Review the ongoing improvement process in this way, you can know the techniques that expect to change and one that can be handily robotized.

Get going with a little confirmation of undertaking prior to feeling free to finish entire improvement process immediately.

Set up a pipeline with more than one phase in which quick central tests run first.

Begin every work process from something very similar, clean, and detached climate.

Run open source devices that cover all that from code style to security examining.

Arrange a superior code center to really take a look at the nature of your code by running the standard arrangement of tests against each branch ceaselessly.

Peer code survey each pull solicitation to take care of an issue in a cooperative way.

You need to characterize achievement measurements before you start the change to CD computerization. This will assist you with reliably examining your product, creating progress help refine where required.

Click here for details

Benefits of CI/CD pipelines

Here are the professionals/advantages of the CI/CD Pipeline:

Fabricates and testing can be effortlessly performed physically.

It can work on the consistency and nature of code.

Further develops adaptability and can send new functionalities.

CI/CD pipeline can smooth out correspondence.

It can mechanize the course of programming conveyance.

Assists you with accomplishing quicker client input.

CI/CD pipeline assists you with expanding your item perceivability.

It empowers you to eliminate manual mistakes.

Diminishes expenses and work.

CI/CD pipelines can make the product advancement lifecycle quicker.

It has a mechanized pipeline arrangement.

A CD pipeline gives a quick criticism circle beginning from engineer to client.

Further develops correspondences between association representatives.

It empowers engineers to realize which changes in the form can go to the business and to stay away from them later on.

The mechanized tests, alongside barely any manual trials, help to fix any issues that might emerge.

Click here for details

Significant CI/CD instruments

Here are the significant CI/CD instruments:


Jenkins is an open-source Continuous Integration server that assists with accomplishing the Continuous Integration process (and not just) in a computerized design. Jenkins is free and is completely written in Java. Jenkins is a generally utilized application all over the planet that has around 300k establishments and developing step by step.


Jenkin will construct and test code ordinarily during the day.

Robotized construct and test process, saving timing, and decreasing deformities.

The code is sent after each fruitful form and test.

The advancement cycle is quick.

Take the next step


Bamboo is a nonstop coordination fabricate server that performs - programmed construct, tests, and deliveries in a solitary spot. It works consistently with JIRA programming and Bitbucket.


Run equal cluster tests

It is easy to Set up Bamboo

Per-climate consents highlight permits designers and QA to convey to their surroundings

Implicit Git stretching and work processes. It naturally consolidates the branches.

Click here to find out more


CircleCi is an adaptable CI device that runs in any climate like a cross-stage portable application, Python API waiter, or Docker bunch. This device diminishes messes with and works on the nature of the application.


Permits to choose Build Environment

Upholds numerous dialects including C++, JavaScript, NET, PHP, Python, and Ruby

Support for Docker allows you to design a redid climate.

Consequently, drop any lined or running forms when a more current form is set off.

For what reason Does the CI/CD Pipeline Matter for IT Leaders?

CI/CD pipeline can further develop unwavering quality.

It makes the IT groups more appealing to engineers.

CI/CD pipeline helps IT pioneers, to pull code from rendition control and execute programming assemble.

Assists with moving code to target processing climate.

Empowers project pioneers to effortlessly oversee climate factors and design for the objective climate.

Project chiefs can distribute push application parts to administrations like web administrations, data set administrations, API administrations, and so on.

Giving log information and cautions on the conveyance state.

It empowers developers to confirm code changes before they push ahead, diminishing the possibilities of imperfections winding up underway.

Ci/CD Pipeline KPI

Cycle or Deployment Time: Cycle time is the time taken to go from the formation stage to creation. You can get a normal life process duration by estimating the improvement cycle stages. This measurement will give knowledge about bottlenecks in your cycle and the general speed of improvement time.

Improvement Frequency: Development recurrence permits you to break down bottlenecks you find during computerization. The more successive more modest deliveries diminish the gamble of deformities and fix them when found. Such a measurement is a general proportion of your group proficiency.

Change Lead Time: It estimates the beginning season of the advancement stage to the arrangement. This measurement is a mark of the whole advancement interaction and how well the group cooperates.

Change Failure Rate: It centers around the time improvement get succeeds versus the times it fizzles.

MTTR versus MTTF: MTTR (Mean Time to Recovery) is how much time is expected by your group to recuperate from disappointment. MTTF (Mean Time to Failure) gauges how much time among fixes and blackouts. These measurements are an impression of the group's capacity to answer and fix issues.


A CI/CD pipeline computerizes the course of programming conveyance.

CI/CD pipeline presents robotization and ceaseless observing all through the lifecycle of a product item.

Nonstop joining is a product improvement technique where individuals from the group can coordinate their work something like one time per day.

Consistent conveyance is a programming technique where a group creates programming items in a short cycle.

Persistent sending is a programming cycle in which item functionalities are conveyed utilizing programmed organization.

There are four phases of a CI/CD pipeline 1) Source Stage, 2) Build Stage, 3) Test Stage, 4) Deploy Stage.

Significant CI/CD instruments are Jenkins, Bambo, and Circle CI.

CI/CD pipeline can further develop unwavering quality.

CI/CD pipeline makes IT group more alluring to engineers.

Process duration is the time taken to go from the formation stage to creation.

Improvement recurrence permits you to dissect bottlenecks you find during computerization.

Change Lead Time estimates the beginning season of the development

Read More Information:

How to Download & Install Jenkins on Windows
How to Become A Software Engineer/Developer
What is Backend Developer? Skills Need for Web Development
What is Waterfall Model in SDLC? Advantages and Disadvantages
Spiral Model: When to Use? Advantages and Disadvantages

Featured Universities

Mahatma Gandhi University

Location: Soreng ,Sikkim , India
Approved: UGC
Course Offered: UG and PG

MATS University

Location: Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
Approved: UGC
Course Offered: UG and PG

Kalinga University

Location: Raipur, Chhattisgarh,India
Approved: UGC
Course Offered: UG and PG

Vinayaka Missions Sikkim University

Location: Gangtok, Sikkim, India
Approved: UGC
Course Offered: UG and PG

Sabarmati University

Location: Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
Approved: UGC
Course Offered: UG and PG

Arni University

Location: Tanda, Himachal Pradesh, India.
Approved: UGC
Course Offered: UG and PG

Capital University

Location: Jhumri Telaiya Jharkhand,India
Approved: UGC
Course Offered: UG and PG

Glocal University

Location: Saharanpur, UP, India.
Approved: UGC
Course Offered: UG and PG

Himalayan Garhwal University

Location: PG, Uttarakhand, India
Approved: UGC
Course Offered: UG and PG

Sikkim Professional University

Location: Sikkim, India
Approved: UGC
Course Offered: UG and PG

North East Frontier Technical University

Location: Aalo, AP ,India
Approved: UGC
Course Offered: UG and PG