All About IDOC: Definition, Structure, Types & Implementation - Shikshaglobe

Content Creator: Preet.Sharma

What is an IDOC?

IDOC is just an information holder used to trade data between any two cycles that can figure out the sentence structure and semantics of the information.All in all, an IDOC resembles an information document with a predetermined configuration which is traded between 2 frameworks which know how to decipher that information.IDOC represents " Intermediate Document"At the point when we execute an outbound ALE or EDI Process, an IDOC is made.In the SAP System, I DOCs are put away in data set. Each IDOC has a novel number(within a client).

In this instructional exercise you will learn:

IDOCs are free of the sending and getting systems.(SAP-to-SAP along with Non-SAP)

IDOCs depend on EDI norms, ANSI ASC X12 and EDIFACT. For a situation of any contention in information size, it takes on one with more prominent length.

IDOCs are autonomous of the bearing of information trade for example ORDERS01: Purchasing module: Inbound and Outbound

IDOCs can be seen in a content tool. Information is put away in character design rather than twofold organization.

Construction of an IDOC

SAP IDOC Tutorial: Definition, Structure, Types, Format and Tables

The I doc structure comprises of 3 sections -

The organization part(Control Record)- which has the sort of idoc, message type, the ongoing status, the source, recipient and so forth. This is alluded to as the Control record.

The application information (Data Record) - Which contains the information. These are known as the information records/fragments.

The Status data (Status Record)- These give you data about the different stages the idoc has gone through.

You can see an I-DOC utilizing exchange WE02 or WE05

SAP IDOC Tutorial: Definition, Structure, Types, Format and Tables

As seen the screen capture above IDOC record has three sections Control, Data and Status. How about we investigate them exhaustively - Control Record

All control record information is put away in EDIDC table. The way in to this table is the IDOC Number

It contains data like IDOC number, the direction(inbound/outbound), source, beneficiary data, channel it is utilizing, which port it is utilizing and so forth.

Course '1' demonstrates outbound, '2' shows inbound.

Information Record

Information record contains application information like worker header data, week by week subtleties, client subtleties and so forth

All information record information is put away in EDID2 to EDID4 tables and EDIDD is a design where you can see its parts.

It contains information like the idoc number, name and number of the fragment in the idoc, the order and the information

The genuine information is put away as a string in a field called SDATA, which is a 1000 roast long field.

Status Record

Status record is appended to an I-DOC at each achievement or when it experience mistakes.

All status record information is put away in EDIDS table.

Situations with 42 are for outbound while 50-75 for inbound

IDOC Types

An I DOC Type, (Basic) characterizes the construction and configuration of the business archive that will be traded. An IDOC is an occurrence of an IDOC Type , very much like the idea of factors and factors types in programming dialects. You can characterize IDOC types utilizing WE30

What is a Segment?

A Segment characterizes the configuration and design of an information record in I-DOC. Sections are reusable parts.

For each section SAP makes

Portion Type (rendition free)

Portion Definition (rendition subordinate)

Fragment Documentation

The last 3 characters is the variant of the portion

Definitions continue to change according to the form however the fragment type continues as before.

Transaction:WE31

SAP IDOC Tutorial: Definition, Structure, Types, Format and Tables

What is Extension IDOC type?

An IDOC is of 2 sorts:-

Essential

Expansion

IDOC Views

An IDOC type can be utilized for more than one message type, which brings about IDOCs containing a greater number of fields than expected for a specific message type.

IDOC sees are utilized to further develop execution in creating IDOCs to guarantee just the pertinent fragments are loaded up with information. IDOC Views are significant just for Outbound Processing.

This is so CONFUSING!

We should comprehend the most common way of making an IDOC with a model -

Whenever a Purchase Order (PO) is made we need to send the IDOC to a merchant.

The PO is sent as an IDOC to the merchant (accomplice). That accomplice must be EDI empowered in that framework. SAP ought to understand that it could send doc to this merchant electronically.The PO sent as an outbound idoc by the client will be inbound idoc for the merchant. The SAP framework on the merchant's side can deal with this to make an application record (a deals request) on their framework.Citation, RFQ, PO, SO, Invoice, conveyance note and so on are a portion of the usually traded records through IDOCThe course of information move out of your SAP framework is known as the Outbound cycle, while that of information moving into you SAP framework is called Inbound interaction. As a designer or a specialist who will be engaged with setting up proposals process for your association. This are the means the way to set them up-

The Outbound Process.

This is so CONFUSING!

We should comprehend the most common way of making an IDOC with a model -

Whenever a Purchase Order (PO) is made we need to send the IDOC to a merchant.

The PO is sent as an IDOC to the merchant (accomplice). That accomplice must be EDI empowered in that framework. SAP ought to understand that it could send doc to this seller electronically.The PO sent as an outbound idoc by the client will be inbound idoc for the merchant. The SAP framework on the merchant's side can handle this to make an application report (a deals request) on their framework.Citation, RFQ, PO, SO, Invoice, conveyance note and so on are a portion of the regularly traded records through IDOCThe course of information move out of your SAP framework is known as the Outbound cycle, while that of information moving into you SAP framework is called Inbound interaction. As an engineer or an expert who will be engaged with setting up proposals process for your association. This are the means the way to set them up-

Steps -

Make segments(WE31)

Make an idoc type(WE30)

Make a message type (WE81)

Partner a message type to idoc type(WE82)

Make a port(WE21)

Assuming you will utilize the message control strategy to set off idocs then make the capability module for making the idoc and partner the capability module to an outbound cycle codeIn any case, make the capability module or independent program which will make the idocMake an accomplice profile(WE20) with the vital data in the outbound boundaries for the accomplice you need to trade the idoc with.Trigger the idoc.The Inbound Process

Steps Involved-

Making of essential Idoc type (Transaction WE30)

Making message type (Transaction WE81)

Partner the Message type to essential Idoc type (Transaction WE82)

Make the capability module for handling the idoc

Characterize the capability module attributes (BD51)

Dispense the inbound capability module to the message type(WE57)

Characterizing process code (Transaction WE42)

Making of accomplice profile (Transaction WE20)

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