ABAP Report Programming - Shikshaglobe

Content Creator: Preet.Sharma

SAP-ABAP upholds two kinds of Programs - Report Programs and Dialog Programs. Report Programs are utilized when a lot of information should be shownIn this instructional exercise you will learn:

Reason/Use of Report Programs

They are utilized when information from various tables must be chosen and handled prior to introducing

Utilized when reports request a unique configuration

Utilized when the report must be downloaded from SAP to an Excel sheet to be appropriated across.

Utilized when the report must be sent to a specific individual.

Significant Points to Note About Report Program

Report Programs are consistently Executable Programs. Program Type is consistently 1.

Each Report program compares to a specific Application Type for example either with Sales and Distribution, FI - CO and so forth. It can likewise be Cross Application for example type 

Report Programming is an Event-driven programming.

The main line of a report program is consistently Report .

To stifle the rundown heading or the name of the program the expansion No Standard Page Heading is utilized.

The line size for a specific report can be set by utilizing the expansion line-size .

The line count for a specific page can be set by utilizing the expansion line-count n(n1). N is the quantity of lines for the page and N1 is the quantity of lines held for the page footer.

To show any data or mistake message we add a message class to the program utilizing the option: Message-id . Message classes are kept up with in SE91.

Determination Screen

"Choice screen" is the screen where one indicates the information values for which the program ought to run.

The determination screen is ordinarily created from the

Boundaries

Boundaries help one to do dynamic determination. They can oblige just a single incentive for one pattern of execution of the program.

Sentence structure

Characterizing boundaries as an information type

Occasions in an ABAP Report Program

ABAP report programs are occasion driven programs. The various occasions in a report Program are:

Heap of-program

Triggers the related occasion in an interior meeting in the wake of stacking a program of type 1, M, F, or S.

Additionally runs the related handling block once and once just for each program and interior meeting.

The handling block LOAD-OF-PROGRAM has generally a similar capability for an ABAP program of type 1, M, F or S as a constructor has for classes in ABAP Objects

Introduction.

This occasion is executed before the choice screen is shown .

Instatement of the multitude of values.

You can relegate various qualities other than the qualities defaulted on the choice screen .

You can fill your determination screen for certain qualities at runtime.

At Selection-Screen.

The occasion is handled when the choice screen has been handled (toward the finish of PAI ).

Approval and Checks of inputted values occur here

Arranging the report

ABAP permits the reports to be arranged as the client maintains that it should be. For instance, "Substitute Lines" should show up in various tones and the "Sums" line ought to show up in Yellow.n might compare to different numbers

Kindly note that there are different increases alongside design also

Intuitive Report Programming

Utilizing Interactive Programming clients can effectively control the information recovery and show of information

Used to make a definite rundown from an exceptionally essential rundown

The itemized information is composed on an optional rundown.

The optional rundown may either totally overlay the primary screen or one can show it in another screen

The optional records can act naturally intelligent.

The main rundown may likewise call an exchange.

There are various occasions related with intuitive programming.

A few orders utilized for intuitive programming

Area of interest

In the event that one hauls the mouse over the information showed in the report the cursor changes to a Hand with an Outstretched Index finger. An area of interest can be accomplished utilizing the FORMAT explanation.This order assists you with putting away the field names in light of which one will really do additionally handling to get a point by point list. It is composed straightforwardly after the WRITE explanation for a field. At the point when a column is chosen the qualities get consequently filled in the factors for additional utilization.Sentence structure: Hide .Intelligent DatabasesRather than utilizing "Select" questions you can utilize legitimate data set to recover information for a program.Intelligent information bases are made by exchange SE36The name of a sensible data set can depend on 20 characters in length. It might start with a namespace prefix.The information is chosen by another program and one can get to the information utilizing GET order which puts the information in the workspace .

Benefits of a consistent data set over ordinary Select inquiries.

It offers really take a look at conditions to see whether the info is right, finished and conceivable

It contains focal approval checks for information base access

Upgrades, for example, improvement in execution quickly apply to all reports which utilize sensible data set.

Note: Due to the intricacies in question, consistent data sets are not utilized in the vast majority of the cases.



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